Others indeed may talk, and write, and fight about liberty, and make an outward pretence to it; but the free-thinker alone is truly free. 

- George Berkeley -

Philosophy is good for people. It develops critical thinking skills – giving us the tools to competently reason through complex, pressing issues and helping us understand the mechanics of an argument. It helps us know ourselves – highlighting our presuppositions, helping us to aptly and congenially express, defend, and revise our views, and enabling us to address life’s ‘big questions’. It helps us understand others – teaching us to show consideration for and learn from diversity and helping us discern and assess the dizzying array of arguments and suppositions that bombard us in our everyday lives. And, frankly, philosophy is good for people because it is fun – offering a wide range of intrinsically interesting puzzles, paradoxes, and conundrums.


My goal as a philosophy teacher is to confer these benefits to students. 

My areas of specialization is epistemology and in the philosophy of psychology, but I am also able to teach courses in ethics, philosophy of religion, logic, philosophy of science, the history of analytic philosophy, and early modern philosophy. I am a teaching enthusiast, and I am more than happy to teach outside of my primary interests should the need arise.

Current Courses (Fall 2019)
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PHL 405: Philosophy of Language

An examination of the nature of language through the study of such topics as truth, reference, meaning, linguistic structure, how language differs from other symbol systems, relations between thought and language and language and the world, the use of language (e.g. in literature), and the relevance of these topics to selected philosophical issues. Special attention will be given to topics that (i) are most central to recent philosophical work on language and (ii) have far-reaching consequences beyond philosophy.

PHL 105: Western Philosophical Tradition

An overview of the history of philosophical development in the West from its inception with the Pre-Socratic philosophers of ancient Greece to the 20th Century. The course examines seminal Western philosophical thinkers and traditions so as to understand what they have taught, why they have so taught, and how they have helped form and shape Western civilization.

Previous Courses


The Western Philosophical Tradition, Hillsdale College

Introduction to Philosophy, Saint Louis University


Advanced Topics in Epistemology, The University of Edinburgh (co-convenor)

Luck and Gettier Problems, The University of St Andrews 

Reasoning and Knowlwedge, The University of St Andrews  (Tutor)


Philosophy of Science, Hillsdale College

Science and Religion (Honors Course)Hillsdale College


Modern Philosophy, Hillsdale College

Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Kant, The University of St Andrews (Tutor)


Ethical Controversies, The University of St Andrews

Contemporary Issues (online), Taylor University


Introduction to Logic, Hillsdale College

Critical Thinking, The University of St Andrews (Tutor)

Introduction to Logic, Ball State University  (Teaching Assistant)

[Philosophy of Religion]

Faith and Reason, Hillsdale College


Intellectual Humility: Theory, Science, and Practice, The University of Edinburgh (Lecturer & Course Administrator_

Foundations of Christian Thought, Taylor University (TA)