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Others indeed may talk, and write, and fight about liberty, and make an outward pretence to it; but the free-thinker alone is truly free. 

- George Berkeley -

Philosophy is good for people. It develops critical thinking skills – giving us the tools to competently reason through complex, pressing issues and helping us understand the mechanics of an argument. It helps us know ourselves – highlighting our presuppositions, helping us to aptly and congenially express, defend, and revise our views, and enabling us to address life’s ‘big questions’. It helps us understand others – teaching us to show consideration for and learn from disagreement and helping us discern and assess the dizzying array of arguments and suppositions that bombard us in our everyday lives. And, frankly, philosophy is good for people because it is fun – offering a wide range of intrinsically interesting puzzles, paradoxes, and conundrums.


My goal as a philosophy teacher is to confer these benefits to students. 

Previous Courses Taught


The Western Philosophical Tradition, Hillsdale College

Introduction to Philosophy, Saint Louis University


Epistemology, Hillsdale College

Intellectual Virtues and Society, Hillsdale College

Advanced Topics in Epistemology, The University of Edinburgh (co-convenor)

Luck and Gettier Problems, The University of St Andrews 

Reasoning and Knowledge, The University of St Andrews  (Tutor)


Philosophy of Science, Hillsdale College

Science and Religion (Honors Course)Hillsdale College


Early Modern Philosophy, Hillsdale College

Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Kant, The University of St Andrews (Tutor)


Ethical Controversies, The University of St Andrews (Tutor)

Contemporary Issues (online), Taylor University


Introduction to Logic, Hillsdale College

Critical Thinking, The University of St Andrews (Tutor)

Introduction to Logic, Ball State University  (Teaching Assistant)

[Philosophy of Language]

Philosophy of Language, Hillsdale College

[Philosophy of Religion]

Faith and Reason, Hillsdale College


Intellectual Humility: Theory, Science, and Practice, The University of Edinburgh (Lecturer & Course Administrator)

Foundations of Christian Thought, Taylor University (TA)

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